Complete Test Understanding:
Types of TOEFL Tests
Internet-based Test (iBT):
Designed for those who aim to enroll in higher-education institutions or seek professional licensing in an English-speaking country. This test assesses reading, listening, speaking, and writing in academic and social contexts.
Paper-based Test (PBT):
Mainly available in areas where internet-based testing is not possible. This test includes reading, listening, writing, and a separate “Test of Written English.”
Both versions evaluate the four core language skills:
Listening: Assesses the ability to understand spoken English in academic and social settings.
Reading: Measures the ability to understand academic passages in English.
Writing: Evaluates the capability to write responses to questions in essay format.
Speaking: Tests the ability to speak English in an academic context.
TOEFL uses a scoring scale for each of its four sections, each section being scored out of 30. The total score thus ranges from 0 to 120. Some institutions may also look at your sectional scores, particularly if specific skills are crucial for your field of study.
Listening: 60-80 minutes Four to six lectures, 6 questions each; Two to three conversations, 5 questions each.
Reading: 60–80 minutes Three to four passages from academic texts; 12-14 questions per passage.
Writing: 50 minutes Two tasks: An integrated writing task and an independent writing task.
Speaking: 20 minutes Six tasks: Two independent tasks to express an opinion on a familiar topic, and four integrated tasks to speak based on reading and listening tasks.
Understand the Format: Make sure to acquaint yourself with the specific test format and types of questions you will face in the TOEFL.
Practice Regularly: Consistency is essential. Use practice tests to identify your strengths and weaknesses.
Expand Your Vocabulary: Building a broad and rich vocabulary will allow you to express yourself more accurately and effectively.
Get Feedback: Consult an instructor or a proficient English speaker to review your practice tests, focusing especially on your writing and speaking skills.
By understanding these elements, you can strategically prepare for the TOEFL and optimize your performance on the test day.